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Scientific Bibliography : Monarch Physiology


Bartholomew, G. A., Epting, R. J. 1975. Allometry of postflight cooling rates in moths: A comparison with vertebrate homeotherms. Journal of Experimental Biology 63:603-613

Bartholomew, G. A. H., B. 1973. A field study of flight temperatures in moths in relation to body weight and wing loading. Journal of Experimental Biology 58:123-135

Casey, T. M., Joos, B. A. 1983. Morphometrics, conductance, thoracic temperature, and flight energetics of noctuid and geometrid moths. Physiological Zoology 56:160-173

George, J. C., Bhakthan, N. M. C. 1960. A study on the fibre diameter and certain enzyme concentrations in the flight muscles of some butterflies. Journal of Experimental Biology 37:308-315, 2 pls.

Gibo, D. L., McCurdy, J. A. 1993. Evidence for use of water ballast by monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 47:154-160 [Keywords: behavior, migration, flight, lipids]

Heath, J. E., Adams, P. A. 1965. Temperature regulation in the sphinx moth during flight. Nature (London) 205:309-310

Heath, J. E., Heath, M. S. 1982. Energetics of locomotion in endothermic insects. Annual Review of Physiology 44:133-143

Heinrich, B. 1971. Temperature regulation of the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta I. Flight energetics and body temperature regulation during free and tethered flight. Journal of Experimental Biology 54:141-152

Hughes, J. M., Zalucki, M. P. 1993. The relationship between the Pgi Locus and the ability to fly at low temperatures in the monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus. Biochemical Genetics (New York) 31:521-532 [Keywords: physiology, flight, temperature, genetics, sex differences]

Hughes, J. M., Zalucki, M. P., Carter, P. A. 1992. Consistent differences among individual monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.) in flight activity at low temperatures. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (London) 47:217-231 [Keywords: behavior, flight, temperature, mark-recapture]

Kammer, A. E. 1968. Motor patterns during flight and warm-up in Lepidoptera. Journal of Experimental Biology 48:89-109

Kammer, A. E. 1970. Thoracic temperature, shivering and flight in the Monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (L.). Zeitschrift fur Vergleichende Physiologie (Berlin) 68:334-344

Kammer, A. E. 1971. Influence of acclimation temperature on the shivering behaviour of the butterfly, Danaus plexippus (L.). Zeitschrift fur Vergleichende Physiologie (Berlin) 72:364-369

Kingsolver, J. C., Koehl, M. A. R. 1985. Aerodynamics, thermoregulation, and evolution of insect wings: Differential scaling and evolutionary change. Evolution 39:448-504 [Keywords: flight]

Kingsolver, J. G. 1983. Ecological significance of flight activity in Colias butterflies: Implication for reproductive strategy and population structure. Ecol. 64:546-551

Lessman, C. A. 1979. Enhancement of juvenile hormone degradation by flight and heat in adult Monarchs. American Zoologist 19:915

Lessman, C. A., Herman, W. S. 1981. Flight enhances juvenile hormone inactivation in Danaus plexippus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Experientia (Basel) 37:599-601

Rankin, M. A. 1985. Endocrine influence on flight behavior. Contributions in Marine Science Supplement, 27:817-841 [Keywords: behavior, physiology, endocrinology, migration, juvenile hormone, octopamine]

Yamamoto, M. 1983. Relationship between sex ratio and flight activity on two related butterflies, Pieris rapae crucivora and P. napi nesis (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Kontyu (Tokyo) 51:528-533

Zalucki, M. P., Kitching, R. L. 1982. The analysis and description of movement in adult Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Danainae). Behaviour (Leiden) 80:174-198

Zalucki, M. P., Kitching, R. L., Abel, D., Pearson, J. 1980. A novel device for tracking butterflies in the field. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 73:262-265

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