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Scientific Bibliography : Monarch Ecology

Life History

Coolidge, K. R. 1926. The life history of Danaus berenice strigosa Bates (Lepidoptera; Danaidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society (Philadelphia) 51:27-33

Edgar, J. A. 1984. Parsonsieae: Ancestral larval food plants of the Danainae-Ithomiinae? In The biology of butterflies, eds. R. I. Vane-Wright and P. R. Ackery, 91-93. London: Academic Press.

Gibbs, G. W. 1980. New Zealand butterflies: identification and natural history 207 pp., 194 colour figs. Auckland.

Harris, A. 1986. Natural history of the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) in the Santa Barbara region. . Santa Barbara: University of California

Hayes, J. L. 1982. A study of the relationships of diapause phenomena and other life history characters in temperate butterflies. American Naturalist 120:160-170

Madson, C. 1991. Monarch. Before its migration, the monarch must survive the dangers of simply becoming a butterfly. Wyoming Wildlife 55:4-9 [Keywords: general natural history, anecdotal]

Malcolm, S. B., Brower, L. P. 1989. Evolutionary and ecological implications of cardenolide sequestration in the monarch butterfly. Experientia (Basel) 45:284-295 [Keywords: behavior, migration, annual cycle, life history, overwintering, Asclepias, cardenolides, defense]

Oates, L. 1994. Wildlife in Motion. African Wildlife 48:19 [Keywords: emergence of adult, badly reproduced pictures]

Opler, P. A., Krizek, G. O. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains: An illustrated natural history. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 273 pp.

Ordish, G. 1975. The year of the butterfly New York:. xii + 147 pp.

Orrell, J. 1971. Juvenile mortality in Danaus plexippus. North Queensland Naturalist (Cairns) 38:7-8

Riley, C. V. 1871. Two of our common butterflies. Their natural history; with some general remarks on transformation and protective imitation as illustrated by them. Report on Noxious, Beneficial, and other Insects, of the State of Missouri, Jefferson City. 3:142-175

Riley, C. V. 1880. Philosophy of the pupation of butterflies and particularly of the Nymphalidae. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 28:455-463

Rothschild, M., Gardiner, B., Mummery, R. 1978. Pupal colouration and diet. Antenna 2:15

Rothschild, M., Gardiner, B., Mummery, R. 1978. The role of carotenoids in the "golden glance" of danaid pupae (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Journal of Zoology (London) 186:351-358, 2 pls.

Sheppard, P. M. 1975. Natural selection and heredity [4th edition]. London:. 239 pp.

Vane-Wright, R. I. 1978. Ecological and behavioural origins of diversity in butterflies. Symposia of the Royal Entomological Society of London 9:56-70, 2 pls.

Zalucki, M. P., Kitching, R. L. 1982. Temporal and spatial variation of mortality in field populations of Danaus plexippus L. and D. chrysippus L. larvae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Oecologia (Heidelberg) 43:201-207

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