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Scientific Bibliography : Monarch Ecology

Conservation

Anderson, J. B., Brower, L. P. 1996. Freeze-protection of overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico: critical role of the forest as a blanket and an umbrella. Ecological entomology 21:107-116 [Keywords: ecology, behavior, physiology, overwintering, clustering, deforestation, conservation]

Brower, L. P. 1986. Commentary: The potential impact of DIPEL spraying on the monarch butterfly overwintering pheneoma. Atala (Portland) 14:17-19

Brower, L. P., Malcolm, S. B. 1991. Animal migrations: Endangered phenomena. American Zoologist 31:265-276 [Keywords: behavior, migration, overwintering, conservation]

Calvert, W. H., ed. 1981. Project 1958, Conservation of the Mexican Monarch butterfly. . Vol. 1980-1981. London [Keywords: conservation, migration, overwintering, tourism, lumbering, temperature]

Calvert, W. H., Brower, L. P. 1982. The importance of forest cover for the survival of overwintering monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus, Danaidae). J. Lepid. Soc., Cambridge, Mass. 35:216-225

Calvert, W. H., Brower, L. P. 1986. The location of monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) overwintering colonies in Mexico in relation to topography and climate. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 40:164-187 [Keywords: conservation biology, overwintering, temperature, Mexico, ecology, microclimate]

Calvert, W. H., Hyatt, M., Mendoza, N. P. 1986. The effects of understory vegetation on the survival of overwintering monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.) in Mexico. Acta Zoologica Mexicana Nueva Serie 18:1-17 [Keywords: conservation biology, overwintering, microhabitat, temperature]

Calvert, W. H., Malcolm, S. B., Glendinning, J. I., Brower, L. P., Zalucki, M. P., et al. 1989. Conservation biology of monarch butterfly overwintering sites in Mexico. Vida Silvestre Neotropical (Washington) 2:38-48 [Keywords: conservation, overwintering, oyamel fir, protected reserve, management plan, core areas, buffer areas, Mexico]

Calvert, W. H., Mendoza V, N. P., Lawton, R. O. 1986. Relationship between mortality and habitat structure at several Mexican monarch butterfly overwintering colonies. Field report to Monarca, A. C., and the World Wildlife Fund.

Calvert, W. H., Zuchowski, W., Brower, L. P. 1982. The impact of forest thinning on microclimate in monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus L.) overwintering areas of Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de Mexico 42:11-18

Calvert, W. H., Zuchowski, W., Brower, L. P. 1983. The effect of rain, snow and freezing temperatures on overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico. Biotropica (Lawrence) 15:42-47

Calvert, W. H., Zuchowski, W., Brower, L. P. 1984. Monarch butterfly conservation: Interactions of cold weather, forest thinning and storms on the survival of overwintering monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.) in Mexico. Atala (Portland) 9:2-6

Fink, A. 1982. Monterey County: The dramatic story of its past Santa Cruz, CA: Western Tanager Press. 254 pp.

Lane, J. 1984. The status of monarch butterfly overwintering sites in Alta California. Atala (Portland) 9:17-20

Malcolm, S. B. 1987. Monarch butterfly migration in North America: Controversy and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2:135-138 [Keywords: migration, conservation, Wenner, western population]

Malcolm, S. B. 1993. Conservation of monarch butterfly migration in North America: an endangered phenomenon. In Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly , ed. S. B. Malcolm, M. P. Zalucki. pp. 357-362. Science series. Vol. 38. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

Malcolm, S. B., Zalucki, M. P., eds. 1993. Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly . Vol. 38. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Matthews, D. 1992. Mountain monarchs: In the Mexican highlands, monarch butterflies by the millions awaken to the warming spring sun. Wildlife Conservation 95:26-29,78 [Keywords: general review, migration, lay, conservation]

Nagano, C. D., Sakai, W. 1988. Making the world safe for monarchs. Outdoor of California 49:5-9

Ogarrio, R. 1984. Development of the civic group, Pro Monaraca, A. C., for the protection of the monarch butterfly wintering grounds in the Republic of Mexico. Atala (Portland) 9:11-13

Pyle, R. M. 1984. International efforts for monarch conseration, and conclusion. Atala (Portland) 9:21-22

Remmert, H. 1982. And now? Ecosystem research! In Trends in ecological research in the 1980's, eds. J. H. Cooley and F. B. Golley, 179-191. New York and London: Plenum Press.

Schorger, A. W. 1973. The passenger pigeon: Its natural history and extiniction Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 424 pp.

Snook, L. C. 1993. Conservation of the monarch butterfly reserves in Mexico: focus on the forest. In Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly , ed. S. B. Malcolm, M. P. Zalucki. pp. 363-376. Science series. Vol. 38. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County [Keywords: conservation, behavior, overwintering, logging]

Tarrier, M. 1993. Protection of lepidopterans: SOS monarchs: last act: the farewell (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Danainae). Alexanor 18:189-192 [Keywords: conservation]

Urquhart, F. A. 1980. Conservation areas for the eastern population of the Monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus plexippus (Lepidoptera: Danaidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 110:109 [Keywords: conservation, overwintering sites, Mexico]

Weiss, S. B. 1991. Forest canopy structure at overwintering monarch butterfly sites: measurements with hemispherical photography. Conservation Biology 5:165-175 [Keywords: ecology, overwintering, California, conservation, light conditions]

Zalucki, M. P., Chandica, A., Kitching, R. L. 1981. Quantifying the distribution and abundance of an animals resource using aerial photography. Oecologia (Heidelberg) 50:176-183

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