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View/download the PLANTS FOR BUTTERFLY AND POLLINATOR GARDENS list or the TEXAS PLANT list.

The plants listed here are suitable for school and home gardens for most of the eastern United States -- defined here as 35N to 46N latitude from east of the 98th parallel to the Alantic, (or roughly from central MN to southeastern KS and east to the coast). Many of the plants listed as native do not occur throughout the eastern United States. Please note that for your convenience we have subdivided the region to allow you to choose the native plants that are most effective in your area. Further information on the distributions of native plants can be found by consulting the North American Plant Atlas or by consulting the USDA Plants Database provided by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). For a list of plants that are suitable for butterfly/pollinator gardens in Texas, please see the Texas Plant List below. If you plan to create a Monarch Waystation or butterfly/pollinator habitat in a region other than the northeast and Texas, it is advisible to consult with local gardening experts and those who specialize in native plants to determine the plants that can be used to greatest effect, given the climate and soil conditions in your area. It is also suggested that you check the cultural requirements (soil, moisture, light exposure) for each species before purchasing/planting.

Diversity is the key to a successful butterfly/pollinator garden or Monarch Waystation. Select a location in full sun or one that receives at least eight hours of direct sunlight daily. When choosing plants, whether native or non-native, use only single-flowered varieties. To create a showy block of color and fragrance, plant each species in clusters of 7-9 plants. Grow your own plants organically or purchase plants from nurseries whose growers DO NOT use systemic insecticides or any other pesticides on their plants. Ask about this before you make your purchase.

Enhance your garden by incorporating other elements besides plants. Include places for pollinators to seek shelter from the wind and rain. Create wet, sandy or muddy spots for butterflies to imbibe salts and other nutrients. A location with dark stones or tiles for butterflies to perch on to warm up on cool mornings adds to the activity in the garden. Most importantly, discontinue use of all pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) in the area, and ask bordering neighbors to do the same.

Milkweeds for monarchs can be obtained through Monarch Watch or vendors listed in the Milkweed Market. Native plant nurseries can be found in most areas, and native plants are often offered for sale at Farmers' Markets. Additional information can also be obtained by contacting local or regional Native Plant Societies.

For more information on creating a Monarch Waystation and instructions for certification, please see monarchwatch.org/waystations/. If you have questions or need guidance, please contact contact us through our Bring Back The Monarch email address - bbtm@monarchwatch.org.

Key: N=native, P=perennial, A=annual, B=attracts bees, BF=attracts butterflies, BFh=butterfly host, HB=attracts hummingbirds, M-A= Mid-Atlantic region (IN=Inland/C=Coastal Plain), MW=Midwest region, GL=Great Lakes region, NE=New England region. Common plant names that are in bold type are "must-haves" for beginner gardeners-- they are easy to find and grow and are all-round good pollinator plants. Please note: The plants that are considered average garden plants, annuals, or non-native species are generally checked in all regions, even though they may not be native to them, since they will typically grow anywhere if planted in a garden situation.

View/download the PLANTS FOR BUTTERFLY AND POLLINATOR GARDENS list or the TEXAS PLANT list.

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